Human Anatomy and Physiology I – B. Pharma 1st Semester PDF Notes

Human Anatomy and Physiology I – B. Pharma 1st Semester PDF Notes

Human Anatomy and Physiology B. Pharma 1st Semester PDF Notes

Scope: human anatomy and physiology notes for b pharmacy are designed to impart fundamental knowledge on the structure and functions of the various systems of the human body. It also helps in understanding both homeostatic mechanisms. The subject provides the basic knowledge required to understand the various disciplines of pharmacy.

HAP Notes Sem 1

Objectives: Upon completion of this course the student should be able to

1. Explain the gross morphology, structure, and functions of various organs of the human body.

2. Describe the various homeostatic mechanisms and their imbalances.

3. Identify the various tissues and organs of different systems of the human body.

4. Perform various experiments related to special senses and the nervous system.

5. Appreciate the coordinated working pattern of different organs of each system

Human Anatomy and Physiology Course Content:

Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit I

Introduction to the human body

Definition and scope of anatomy and physiology, levels of structural organization and body systems, basic life processes, homeostasis, and basic anatomical terminology.

The cellular level of organization

Structure and functions of the cell, transport across the cell membrane, cell division, and cell junctions. General principles of cell communication, intracellular signaling pathway activation by extracellular signal molecule, Forms of intracellular signaling: a) Contact-dependent b) Paracrine c) Synaptic d) Endocrine

Tissue level of organization

Classification of tissues, structure, location, and functions of epithelial, muscular and nervous, and connective tissues.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit II

Integumentary system

Structure and functions of the skin

Skeletal system

Divisions of the skeletal system, types of bone, salient features, and functions of bones of the axial and appendicular skeletal system

Organization of skeletal muscle, physiology of muscle contraction, neuromuscular junction

Joints

Structural and functional classification, types of joints movements, and their articulation

Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit III

Body fluids and blood

Body fluids, composition and functions of blood, hemopoiesis, formation of hemoglobin, anemia, mechanisms of coagulation, blood grouping, Rh factors, transfusion, its significance and disorders of the blood, Reticuloendothelial system.

Lymphatic system

Lymphatic organs and tissues, lymphatic vessels, lymph circulation, and functions of the lymphatic system

Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit IV

Peripheral nervous system:

Classification of the peripheral nervous system: Structure and functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.

Origin and functions of spinal and cranial nerves.

Special senses

Structure and functions of eye, ear, nose, and tongue and their disorders.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit V

Cardiovascular system

Heart – anatomy of heart, blood circulation, blood vessels, structure and functions of artery, vein and capillaries, elements of the conduction system of heart and heartbeat, its regulation by the autonomic nervous system, cardiac output, cardiac cycle. Regulation of blood pressure, pulse, electrocardiogram, and disorders of the heart.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Notes for B Pharmacy 1st Sem

Human Anatomy and Physiology 1st semester (Practical)

Practical physiology is complementary to theoretical discussions in physiology. Practicals allow the verification of physiological processes discussed in theory classes through experiments on living tissue, intact animals, or normal human beings. This is helpful for developing an insight into the subject.

1. Study of a compound microscope.

2. Microscopic study of epithelial and connective tissue

3. Microscopic study of muscular and nervous tissue

4. Identification of axial bones

5. Identification of appendicular bones

6. Introduction to hemocytometry.

7. Enumeration of white blood cell (WBC) count

8. Enumeration of total red blood corpuscles (RBC) count

9. Determination of the bleeding time

10. Determination of clotting time

11. Estimation of hemoglobin content

12. Determination of blood group.

13. Determination of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).

14. Determination of heart rate and pulse rate.

15.  Recording of blood pressure.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Recommended Books (Latest Editions)

1. Essentials of Medical Physiology by K. Sembulingam and P. Sembulingam. Jaypee’s brother’s medical publishers, New Delhi.

2. Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness by Kathleen J.W. Wilson, Churchill Livingstone, New York

3. Physiological basis of Medical Practice-Best and Tailor. Williams & Wilkins Co, Riverview, MI USA

4. Textbook of Medical Physiology- Arthur C, Guyton, and John.E. Hall. Miamisburg, OH, U.S.A.

5. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology by Tortora Grabowski. Palmetto, GA, U.S.A.

6. Textbook of Human Histology by Inderbir Singh, Jaypee’s brother’s medical publisher, New Delhi.

7. Textbook of Practical Physiology by C.L. Ghai, Jaypee’s brother’s medical publisher, New Delhi.

8. Practical workbook of Human Physiology by K.  Srinageswari and Rajeev Sharma, Jaypee’s brother’s medical publishers, New Delhi.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Reference Books (Latest Editions)

1. Physiological basis of Medical Practice-Best and Tailor.  Williams & Wilkins Co, Riverview, MI USA

2. Textbook of Medical Physiology- Arthur C, Guyton, and John. E. Hall. Miamisburg, OH, U.S.A.

3. Human Physiology (vol 1 and 2) by Dr. C.C. Chatterrje, Academic Publishers Kolkata

Also, Visit: Remedial Biology and Remedial Mathematics 

B Pharma 1st Semester Previous Year Question Paper

B. Pharma 1st Year PDF Notes

2 thoughts on “Human Anatomy and Physiology I – B. Pharma 1st Semester PDF Notes”

Leave a comment