Comprehension

Comprehension

Content

• Introduction to Reading

• Importance of Reading

• Different Reading Techniques

• Methods to improve Reading comprehension

• Iterative reading of complex documents

• Complex text

• Complex images

• Representation in complex documents

• Strategies to comprehend alphanumerical document

Objective

At the end of this
session, students will be able to:

• Describe the various techniques of reading

• Apply reading techniques for comprehension

• Practise effective reading

• Explain different representations in complex documents

• Apply strategies to comprehend alphanumerical documents

• Practise reading complex documents

Reading

Reading comprehension is defined as the level of
understanding of a text/message. The understanding comes from the interaction
between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the
text/message.

Proficient reading depends on the ability to recognize words
quickly and effortlessly.

It is also determined by an individual’s cognitive
development.

Three Main Reasons
Why People Want to Read:

1. Acquire knowledge

2. Professional/career growth

3. Liking

Importance
of Reading

Reading helps to:

• Develop the mental abilities

• Discover new things/places

• Nurture creativity

• Increase general awareness and knowledge

• Improve Vocabulary and spelling

Benefits of
Reading

Learning to read warrants expertise in 5 key areas:

• Phonemic awareness:
Awareness of the sound of the alphabets

• Phonics: A method
of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with symbols in an alphabetic
writing system

• Comprehension:
The ability to understand

• Vocabulary:
Knowledge of words and their meanings

• Fluency:
Ability to read/speak without interruptions

Basic Steps
for Reading to Learn

• Figure out the purpose for reading

• Attend to the parts of the text that are relevant to the
identified purpose

• Check comprehension while reading and when the reading
task is completed. For example – After reading a passage, paraphrase the same
in your own words without looking at the text

• Select strategies that are appropriate to the reading task
and use them flexibly and interactively.

For example – Using skimming and scanning techniques

Reading
techniques

Skimming- It is
sometimes referred to as gist reading. Skimming may help in knowing what the
text is about at its most basic level. This technique is used typically while
reading a magazine or newspaper, and it would help in mentally and quickly
shortlisting those articles which can be considered for a deeper read.

Example: skimming to search for a name in a telephone
directory.

Scanning- It
involves browsing through the text for information.

Example: Reading a guidebook of a historical city.

Ways to
Improve Reading Comprehension

• Choose a special reading place

• Read aloud to someone

• Be read aloud by someone

• Skimming/Reading

• Mapping a text

• Annotating a text

Reading
Complex Documents: An Introduction

Complex article and document contains text, tables, graphs, names,
numbers, and formulas.

Complex documents like project documents, trade journals, blogs,
business books or eBooks, most of them are read regularly as part of jobs, and
to develop skills and knowledge.

Iterative
Reading of Complex Documents

Reading means more than simply decoding words. Reader must also
be able to read with understanding and construct meaning from text.

Iterative reading of complex documents include:

• Understanding the document structure

• Know the purpose

• Understanding the document for

 Relevant information

 Tables and images

 Text

 Numerical results

• Understanding the context

• Reproducing the results

Complex
Text

Reading means more than simply decoding words. Reader must also
be able to read with understanding and construct meaning from text.

Reading complex text
requires

• Setting a purpose for reading

• Activating prior knowledge

• Selecting appropriate reading strategies

• Decoding: the
ability to apply knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge
of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words

• Fluency: the
ability to read a text correctly and quickly

Complex
Images

Complex images contain substantial information – more than can
be conveyed in a short phrase or sentence. These are typically:

• Graphs and charts, including flow charts and
organizational charts

• Diagrams and illustrations where the page text relies on
the user being able to understand the image

• Maps showing locations or other information such as
weather systems

Representations
in Complex Documents – Bar Graph

Representations
in Complex Documents- Line Graph

Representations
in Complex Documents – Pie Chart

Representations
in Complex Documents – Picture Graph

Representations
in Complex Documents – Excel Sheet

Representations
in Complex Documents – Report

Strategies
to Comprehend Alphanumerical Documents

• Read title-carefully read the title of the graph, chart or
table

• Look at key- understand what each part of the key (chart
or graph) means

• Read other titles-read the title of each row and/or column
on a table

• Look at figure before questions-Get a general
understanding of what the graph, chart or table’s information relays before looking
at the question

• Read carefully- Carefully read the question to figure out what
information you’re going to be looking for

• Make sure you understand which part(s) of the graph, chart
or table will provide with the relevant information

Summary

• Reading is a multifaceted process that develops only with
practice.

• People read for many different reasons, the goal is to
derive some understanding of what the writer is trying to convey and make use
of that information – whether for fact gathering, learning a new skill, or for
pleasure. That’s why reading comprehension skills are so important.

• Select strategies that are appropriate to the reading task
and use them flexibly and interactively.

For example – Using skimming and scanning techniques

• Complex article and document contains text, tables, graphs,
names, numbers, formulas

• Iterative reading of complex documents include:

 Understanding the document structure

 Know the purpose

 Understanding the context

 Reproducing the results

• Reading complex text requires setting a purpose for
reading and activating prior knowledge

• Complex images contain substantial information – more than
can be conveyed in a short phrase or sentence

• Representations in complex documents includes bar graph,
excel, charts etc.

• Apply strategies to comprehend alphanumerical documents

 

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