PHARMACOLOGY D Pharma Second Year Notes

 PHARMACOLOGY D Pharma Second Year Notes

PHARMACOLOGY D Pharma Second Year Notes

In this PDF we Cover all the Chapter listed Below

INDEX

S.NO

UNIT
– CHAPTER NAME

01

UNIT-I, GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY

02

UNIT-II, DRUGS ACTING ON C.N.S.

03

UNIT-III, LOCAL ANAESTHETICS

04

UNIT-IV, CHEMOTHERAPHY

05

UNIT-V, DRUGS ACTING ON G.I.T

06

UNIT-VI, HISTAMINE & ANTI-HISTAMINE

07

UNIT-VII, CARDIO-VASCULAR DRUGS

08

UNIT-VIII, DRUGS ACTING ON BLOOD & BLOOD FORMING ORGANS

09

UNIT-IX, DRUGS ACTING ON KIDNEY

10

UNIT-X, DRUGS USED IN RHEUMATIC DISORDER AND GOUT

11

UNIT-XI, HORMONES AND HORMONES ANTAGONIST

12

UNIT-XII, DRUGS ACTING ON A.N.S

 

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General Pharmacology FAQs:

Q1: What is pharmacology? Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their interactions with living organisms. It involves understanding how drugs work, their effects on the body, and their use in the treatment and prevention of diseases.

Q2: What are the different branches of pharmacology? Pharmacology includes various specialized branches, such as clinical pharmacology, toxicology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics, each focusing on specific aspects of drug actions.

Q3: What are CNS depressants? CNS depressants are drugs that slow down brain activity. They include sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics, which can be used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and seizures.

Q4: What are CNS stimulants? CNS stimulants are drugs that increase brain and spinal cord activity. They include medications like amphetamines and caffeine, often used to treat conditions like attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

Q5: How do local anesthetics work? Local anesthetics block nerve signals in a specific area, preventing the perception of pain. They do so by inhibiting the transmission of signals along nerve fibers.

Q6: What are some common uses of local anesthetics? Local anesthetics are used during minor surgical procedures, dental work, and as pain relief in various medical contexts.

Q7: What is chemotherapy used for? Chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer. It involves the use of drugs to destroy or slow down the growth of cancer cells.

Q8: What are the common side effects of chemotherapy? Common side effects of chemotherapy include nausea, hair loss, fatigue, and an increased risk of infection. Side effects can vary depending on the specific drugs used.

Q9: What are antacids used for? Antacids are used to relieve heartburn and indigestion by neutralizing stomach acid.

Q10: How do antiemetic drugs work? Antiemetic drugs are used to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting, often associated with motion sickness or the side effects of chemotherapy. They work by affecting the brain’s vomiting center.

Q11: What is histamine? Histamine is a chemical that plays a role in various bodily functions, including the regulation of stomach acid, inflammation, and allergic reactions.

Q12: What are antihistamines used for? Antihistamines are drugs used to relieve allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, itching, and runny nose, by blocking the action of histamine.

Q13: What are beta-blockers? Beta-blockers are medications used to treat conditions like high blood pressure and heart disease. They work by blocking the effects of adrenaline and slowing the heart rate.

Q14: What is the purpose of anticoagulant drugs? Anticoagulant drugs, also known as blood thinners, are used to prevent or treat blood clots. They reduce the risk of strokes, heart attacks, and deep vein thrombosis.

Q15: What is the role of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs)? ESAs are used to stimulate the production of red blood cells and are often prescribed for patients with anemia, especially those undergoing certain medical treatments like chemotherapy.

Q16: What are antiplatelet drugs used for? Antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, help prevent blood clots by reducing the stickiness of platelets. They are often used to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Q17: What are diuretics? Diuretics are medications that promote diuresis, or increased urine production. They are used to treat conditions like high blood pressure and edema (fluid retention).

Q18: How do ACE inhibitors work in the kidney? ACE inhibitors relax blood vessels and reduce the production of aldosterone, a hormone that causes salt and water retention, which can help lower blood pressure.

Q19: What are disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)? DMARDs are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. They work to slow down the progression of these conditions by suppressing the immune system.

Q20: What is the role of colchicine in the treatment of gout? Colchicine is used to relieve the pain and inflammation associated with gout, a form of arthritis. It works by reducing the inflammation caused by uric acid crystals.

Q21: What are hormone antagonists? Hormone antagonists are drugs that block the actions of hormones. They are used in the treatment of conditions like hormone-sensitive cancers.

Q22: What are common examples of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)? HRT involves replacing hormones that the body no longer produces in sufficient amounts. Common examples include estrogen and progesterone therapy in menopausal women.

Q23: What is the role of sympathomimetic drugs? Sympathomimetic drugs mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system, often used to treat conditions like asthma and allergies by opening airways and reducing congestion.

Q24: How do parasympathomimetic drugs work? Parasympathomimetic drugs mimic the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system, often used to stimulate the digestive system or decrease heart rate.

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