Hospital & Function of Hospital

Hospital & Function of Hospital

The word “hospital “derived from the french word hospitalis
which in turn derived from latin word “hospes” that means “a host or a guest”

A hospital is a health care institution providing treatment to
patients with specialized staff and equipment.

Hospitals are institutions, which are mainly designed for
care for the sick, injured and well.

DEFINITION:-

Hospital is an integral part of a social and medical organization,
the functions of which is to provide for the population complete health care
both curative and preventive, and whose outpatient’s services reach out to the
family and its home environment. The hospital is also a centre for the training
of health worker and for bio social researches.

FUNCTIONS OF THE HOSPITAL

—     Patient
care

—     Diagnosis
and treatment of disease

—     Out
patient services

—     Medical
education and training

—     Medical
and nursing research

—     Prevention
of disease and promotion of health.

CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITALS

—     They
classified according to ,

      
Length of stay of the patient

Short Term

Long Term

      
Clinical basis

General

Specialty

      
Ownership /control basis

Public hospital

Voluntary hospital

Voluntary nursing homes

Corporate hospital

      
Objectives

Teaching cum research hospital

General hospital

Specialized hospital

Isolation hospital

      
Size

Teaching hospital

District hospital

Thaluk hospital

CHC

PHC

      
Management

Union government hospital

State government

Autonomous bodies

Private hospital

Voluntary agencies

      
System of medicine

Allopathic hospitals

Ayurvedic hospitals

Homeopathic hospitals

Unani hospital

Other system

Organization
of Hospital

OUT PATIENT DEPARTMENT
(OPD)

—    Consultation
with doctor

—    Undergo
investigations

—    Minor
procedures

—    Health
education

—    Receive specialty services

—    Rehabilitation
services

      
Medical

      
Surgical

      
OB and Gynec

      
Ophthalmology

      
ENT

      
Pediatrics

      
Orthopedic

      
Cardiology

      
Urology

      
Neurology

      
Psychiatry etc

EMERGENCY/CASUALTY
DEPARTMENT

—    Victims
of accidents

—    Patients
with cardiac arrest

—    Patients
with breathing difficulty

       located
in an area which is Easily accessible to 
patients

       Should
have sufficient medical and nursing personnel

       Supplies
and equipments and facilities for meeting

INPATIENT SERVICE (IP)

—    Patient
who require continuous medical
care and attention

—    Stay
overnight or for several days or 
weeks or months for diagnosis, treatment 
and therapy

—     Patients
are given the facilities for
lodging, medical and nursing care

Services

ü  Dietary
dept

ü  Pharmacy

ü  Other
paramedical services (radiology and 
laboratory)

NURSING DEPARTMENT

—     Consist
of nursing service and nursing education service

      
Nursing
service

–     Most
important dept

–     Head
: nursing officer / nursing superintendent

–     Other
personnel

      
Assisstant nursing supdt

      
Nursing supervisors

      
Head nurses

      
Staff nurses

      
All nurses should possess registration/license
to practice as a nurse in the hospital

Nursing education service

      
Attached nursing educational institutions

      
Nursing courses : ANM, GNM, BSc nursing, Post
basic BSc nursing, MSc  nursing

PARAMEDICAL DEPARTEMENT

—     Laboratory
: various investigations are carried out in the laboratories

–     Urine

–     Feces

–     Blood    etc

—     Different
sessions:

–     Hematology

–     Biochemistry

–     Bacteriology

–     Parasitology

–     Pathology

–     Blood
bank

—     Radiology:
Radiological examinations and treatment are provided to  the patient

—     This
department should have safety precautions to prevent radiological  exposure to the patients and staff of the hospital

—     Dietary
:Meets the dietary requirements of the patients

–     Special
diets
are served according to the condition of patients.

                    
Eg : Salt restricted diet, fat restricted diet, diabetic diet etc

–     Dietician
is the responsible person for his department

–     Pharmacy:
this department is responsible for storing and dispensing  medicines and IV fluids

OTHER  DEPARTEMENTS

—     Administration and accounts

—     Housekeeping

—     Maintenance

—     CSSD

—     Laundry department

 

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