Anti-hyperlipidemic agents promote reduction of high levels of fats, such as cholesterol in the blood.
The antihyperlipidemic agents are called lipid-lowering drugs and that aim to lower the levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, levels of triglyceride, and raise the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
The lowering of LDL cholesterol can prevent both the primary and secondary symptoms of coronary heart disease.
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC AGENTS
BASED ON MECHANISM
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
– Choleseramine, Cholestipol
BASED ON THE PARENT NUCLEUS
Bile acid sesquiterent’s
MECHANISM OF ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC AGENTS
1. Clofibrate is a lipid-lowering agent
2. Clofibrate belongs to the class of fibrates and it’s used for controlling the high cholesterol and triacylglyceride level in the blood.
3. Clofibrate increases lipoprotein lipase activity to promote the conversion of VLDL to LDL, and hence reduce the level of VLDL as well as increase the level of HDL
1. Lovastatin is a statin medication, to treat high blood cholesterol
2. Lovastatin is reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease
1. Cholestyramine is used along with a proper diet to lower cholesterol in the blood because lowering cholesterol helps decrease the risk for strokes and heart attacks.
2. Cholestyramine used to treat itching in people with too much bile acid caused by a liver/bile duct disease
3. Cholestyramine is known as a bile acid-binding resin and its works by removing bile acid from the body.
1. Colestipol is used to lower cholesterol in the blood.
2. Colestipol is known as a bile acid-binding resin and it works by removing bile acid from the body.
3. Colestipol medication work better include exercising, losing weight if overweight, and stopping smoking.