Pathophysiology MCQs Unit 1

Pathophysiology MCQs Unit 1

Pathophysiology MCQs, Pathophysiology MCQS unit 1,

Pathophysiology MCQs Unit 1

Explore a comprehensive collection of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) designed to test your understanding of the fundamental concepts of pathophysiology.

Pathophysiology MCQs Unit 1 of this extensive resource focuses on the essential aspects of pathophysiology, providing a valuable study tool for healthcare professionals, students, and anyone interested in deepening their knowledge of the subject.

This MCQ compilation covers a wide range of topics, including the pathogenesis of diseases, alterations in cellular function, molecular mechanisms, and the body’s response to various pathological conditions.

By engaging with these thought-provoking questions, you can enhance your critical thinking skills and solidify your understanding of the underlying mechanisms of diseases.

Each question is carefully crafted to challenge your comprehension and application of pathophysiological principles.

You’ll have the opportunity to test your knowledge across different domains, such as etiology, risk factors, diagnostic criteria, clinical manifestations, and treatment approaches.

With explanations provided for each question, this resource serves as a valuable self-assessment tool, allowing you to identify areas for further study and review.

Pathophysiology MCQs Unit 1

1. Programmed cell death is known as

a) Cytolysis

b) Apoptosis

c) Necrosis

d) Proptosis

2. In hypoxic cell injury, cell swelling occurs because of increased intracellular

a) Lipid

b) Protein

c) Water

d) Glycogen

3. Which of the following is not a feature of reversible cell injury?

a) Cellular swelling

b) Reduced cellular pH

c) Reduction of ATP synthesis

d) Defects in the cell membrane

4. Atherosclerosis occurs primarily in

a) Veins

b) Capillaries

c) Arteries

d) All of the above

5. Which is not a risk factor for atherosclerosis?

a) Cancer

b) Diabetes

c) Smoking

d) Hypercholesterolemia

6. Which of the following is absolutely essential for wound healing?

a) Vitamin D

b) Carbohydrates

c) Vitamin C

d) Balanced diet

7. First sign of wound healing is?

a) Epithelialalization

b) Dilation of capillaries

c) Leukocytic infiltration

d) Localized edema

8. Macrophages are derived from

a) Monocytes

b) T cells

c) B cells

d) Plasma cell

9. Which of the following immune cell is unable to phagocytose

a) Neutrophils

b) Eosinophils

c) Macrophages

d) T cells

10. Factors affecting the efficiency of repair include

a) Age

b) Nutritional status

c) Extent of tissue damage

d) All of the above

11. Tissue of repair includes all of the following except

a) Regeneration

b) Necrosis

c) Fibrosis

d) Gliosis

12. The most important cell of acute inflammation is

a) Plasma cell

b) Macrophage

c) Neutrophil

d) Lymphocyte

13. In metabolic alkalosis, the blood pH level is?

a) Increases

b) Decreases

c) Stay the same

d) May increase or decrease

14. Which of the following condition will cause respiratory alkalosis?

a) Fever

b) Anxiety

c) Laryngeal obstruction

d) Salicylate toxicity

15. True about metastatic calcification is?

a) Calcium level is normal

b) Occur in dead and dying tissue

c) Occur in damaged heart valves

d) Mitochondria involved earliest

16. Dystrophic calcification is?

a) Calcification in dead tissue

b) Calcification in living tissue

c) Calcification in decade man

d) None

17. Hyperplasia is

a) Increase in the size of cells

b) Increase in the number of cells

c) Increase in the number of cellular organelles

d) Increase in the size of the organ

18. Cell swelling is an?

a) Reversible cell injury

b) Irreversible cell injury

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

19. Which of the following are the causes of cell swelling?

a) Bacterial toxins

b) Chemical agents

c) Fever

d) All of the above

20. Which of the following cell types does not play any role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis

a) Monocytes

b) Macrophages

c) Osteocytes

d) T cells

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