Classification of Cosmetics – Industrial pharmacy – I B. Pharma 5th Semester PDF Notes

Classification of Cosmetics

Classification of Cosmetics, Describe the classification of cosmetic products, Explain the uses of each cosmetic product

Learning objectives

At the end of this lecture, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the classification of cosmetic products
  • Explain the uses of each cosmetic product

Classification of Cosmetics

1. According to the site of the application





2. According to their function

3. According to their physical nature

Classification of Cosmetics According to the site of the application

Classification of Cosmetics for skin

1. Those applied for protection and beautification

Skin creams and lotions- to moisturize the face and body

E.g. Vanishing cream, cold cream, cleansing cream, foundation cream, all-purpose cream, anti-wrinkle cream, moisturizing lotions, day creams, night creams, bleaching creams, anti-aging products

Face powders or compacts-used to set the foundation or give a matte finish

E.g. Face powders, talcum powders, compact face powder

Astringents, skin tonics

Face packs and masks

Sunscreen, sun tan, and anti-sunburn products

E.g. Sun screen lotion/ cream, prickly heat powder, anti-sunburn cream

Antiperspirants/ deodorants

E.g. Sprays, aerosols, roll on

Bath preparations-E.g. Body wash, bath salts, shower gels

Skin-lightening agents/ Bleaches

E.g.  Bleaching creams


Lip make up-lipsticks, lip liners, lip gloss

Cheeks make up

E.g. Rouge, blusher, bronzer

Eye make up

E.g. Eyeliner, eye pencil, Kohl, Mascara, Eye shadow

2. Those applied for the nourishment of the skin

Anti-aging products, Vitamin creams

Hair removers

Depilatories-creams, waxing strips

Classification of Cosmetics for hair

Hair cleansing preparations

Shampoos-liquid, powder, aerosol, gel

Hair grooming preparations

Hair sprays, Hair setting, straightening, hair waving preparations

Hair tonics and conditioners- for hair nourishment, smoothening, reducing frizz, hair damage repair

Anti-dandruff preparations

Hair colours

Classification of Cosmetics for nail

Nail lacquers, enamel removers, cuticle removers, nail creams

Classification of Cosmetics for Teeth

Cleaning the teeth

Eg. Dentifrices- toothpastes, tooth powders

Oral hygiene

Eg. Mouthwashes, gargles

Classification of Cosmetics According to their function

1. Skincare Products:

Cleansers: These products, such as facial cleansers and makeup removers, are designed to clean the skin by removing dirt, makeup, and impurities.

Moisturizers: Moisturizers hydrate and nourish the skin, helping to maintain its natural moisture balance. They come in various forms, including creams, lotions, and serums.

Sunscreen: Sunscreen products protect the skin from the harmful effects of UV rays. They help prevent sunburn, skin aging, and reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Anti-Aging Products: These products contain ingredients like retinol, hyaluronic acid, and peptides to reduce the signs of aging, including wrinkles and fine lines.

2. Makeup Products:

Foundation: Foundation provides an even base for makeup application, helping to conceal imperfections and create a smooth complexion.

Blush and Bronzer: Blush adds color to the cheeks, while bronzer provides a sun-kissed glow and enhances facial contours.

Eyeshadow and Eyeliner: Eyeshadows add color to the eyelids, while eyeliners define the eyes and create various eye looks.

Mascara: Mascara is used to lengthen and darken eyelashes, making the eyes appear more prominent.

Lipstick and Lip Gloss: Lip cosmetics add color and shine to the lips, enhancing their appearance.

3. Haircare Products:

Shampoo: Shampoo cleanses the hair and scalp, removing dirt, oil, and styling product residue.

Conditioner: Conditioners moisturize and detangle hair, making it softer, smoother, and more manageable.

Hair Styling Products: These include hair gels, sprays, and mousses, which help with styling, holding, and adding volume to the hair.

4. Fragrances:

Perfumes and Colognes: Fragrances are applied to the skin or clothing to provide a pleasant scent. They come in various concentrations, including eau de parfum, eau de toilette, and cologne.

5. Personal Care Products:

Deodorant/Antiperspirant: These products control body odor and perspiration.

Body Lotion: Body lotions moisturize and nourish the skin, leaving it soft and smooth.

Hand Cream: Hand creams provide targeted moisturization for the hands, keeping them hydrated and preventing dryness.

6. Nail Products:

Nail Polish: Nail polish adds color to the nails, while nail care products like base coats and topcoats help maintain healthy and polished nails.

7. Specialty Products:

Acne Treatment: These products contain ingredients like salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide to treat and prevent acne breakouts.

Tinted Moisturizer: Tinted moisturizers combine hydration with a touch of color, offering a lighter alternative to foundation.

Classification of Cosmetics According to their physical nature

Classification of Cosmetics according to physical nature

Aerosols: Hair and body sprays, shaving foams

Cakes: compact face powder, blusher, eye shadow

Emulsion: cold creams, vanishing creams

Jellies: Hair setting preparations

Mucilage: Hand and body lotions, hair-setting gels

Oil: Hair tonic, body oil, hair oil

Pastes: Toothpaste

Powder: Face powder, talcum powder

Solution: shampoos, astringents, after-shave lotion

Stick: Deodorant, lipstick. Chapsticks

Uses of Each Cosmetic Product

1. Skincare Products:

Cleansers: To cleanse the skin and remove impurities.

Moisturizers: To hydrate and nourish the skin.

Sunscreen: To protect the skin from UV damage.

Anti-Aging Products: To reduce the signs of aging.

2. Makeup Products:

Foundation: To create an even complexion.

Blush and Bronzer: To add color and definition.

Eyeshadow and Eyeliner: To enhance the eyes.

Mascara: To lengthen and darken lashes.

Lipstick and Lip Gloss: To add color and shine to the lips.

3. Haircare Products:

Shampoo: To cleanse the hair and scalp.

Conditioner: To moisturize and detangle hair.

Hair Styling Products: To style and hold hair.

4. Fragrances:

Perfumes and Colognes: To provide a pleasant scent.

5. Personal Care Products:

Deodorant/Antiperspirant: To control body odor and perspiration.

Body Lotion: To moisturize and nourish the skin.

Hand Cream: To hydrate and protect the hands.

6. Nail Products:

Nail Polish: To add color and style to the nails.

Nail Care Products: To maintain healthy nails.

7. Specialty Products:

Acne Treatment: To treat and prevent acne breakouts.

Tinted Moisturizer: To provide light coverage and hydration.

Classification of Cosmetics FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the primary purpose of using cosmetics?

Cosmetics are primarily used to enhance one’s appearance, boost confidence, and express individual style.

2. Are cosmetics safe for all skin types?

Cosmetics are designed for various skin types, but it’s essential to choose products that align with your specific skin type and concerns.

3. How can I determine my skin type to select the right cosmetics?

You can identify your skin type by observing how it behaves throughout the day. Oily skin tends to become greasy, dry skin feels tight, while combination skin has both oily and dry areas.

4. What should I consider when choosing the right foundation shade?

When selecting a foundation shade, consider your skin’s undertone (cool, warm, or neutral) and test shades on your jawline in natural light for the best match.

5. Do I need to apply sunscreen even if my makeup contains SPF?

It’s advisable to wear a dedicated sunscreen as the primary protection against UV rays, especially if you spend extended periods outdoors.

6. How can I make my makeup last longer throughout the day or night?

To prolong makeup wear, use a makeup primer, choose long-wear products, and set your makeup with a setting spray or translucent powder.

7. Are there specific makeup products for sensitive skin?

Yes, there are makeup products designed for sensitive skin, often labeled as hypoallergenic or fragrance-free. They are formulated to minimize irritation.

8. Is it necessary to follow a skincare routine alongside makeup application?

Yes, a proper skincare routine is essential to maintain healthy skin. Cleansing, moisturizing, and sun protection should complement makeup use.

9. How can I remove makeup effectively and prevent clogged pores?

Use a gentle makeup remover or micellar water, followed by a cleanser to ensure all makeup is thoroughly removed before bedtime. Avoid sleeping with makeup on to prevent clogged pores.

10. Can I mix different makeup products to create a personalized look?

Yes, many makeup artists mix products to achieve unique looks. You can blend products like foundation, highlighter, or lip colors for customized results.

11. What are some tips for achieving a natural makeup look?

Opt for lightweight, sheer products, focus on enhancing your natural features, and blend well to create a subtle, natural appearance.

12. Are cosmetics tested on animals?

Some cosmetics are tested on animals, but there is a growing trend towards cruelty-free and vegan cosmetics that do not involve animal testing.

13. How can I find makeup products that match my ethical and environmental values?

Look for cosmetic brands that prioritize ethical sourcing, sustainability, and cruelty-free practices. Many brands now offer eco-friendly and ethical product lines.

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