Fluid Energy Mill /Jet Mill/ Ultrafine Grinder – Pharmaceutical Engineering B. Pharm Third Semester PDF Notes

Energy Mill /Jet Mill/ Ultrafine Grinder


Material reduced in the size by attrition & impact. The
feed stock is suspended within a high velocity air stream. Milling takes place
because of high velocity collision b/w the suspended particles


It consists of a loop of pipe which has a diameter of 20 to
200 mm, depending on the overall height of the loop, may be up to about 2 m

There is a feed inlet and a series of nozzles for the inlet
of air or an inert gas

It also has an outlet with a classifier which allows the air
to escape but prevents to pass until they become sufficiently fine


Solids are introduced into the stream and, as a result of
the high degree of turbulence, impacts and attritional forces occur between the

A classifier is incorporated in the system, so that
particles are retained until sufficiently fine

The feed to the mill needs to be pre-treated to reduce the
particle size to 100 mesh, enabling the process to yield a   product as small as 5 μm or less


The particle size of the product is smaller than that
produced by any other method of size reduction

Expansion of gases at the nozzles leads to cooling,
counteracting the usual frictional heat which can affect heat-sensitive

Since the size reduction is by inter-particulate attrition
there is little or no abrasion of the mill and so virtually no contamination of
the product

For special cases with very sensitive materials it is
possible to use inert gases

Having a classifier as an integral part of the system
permits close control of particle size and of particle size distribution

The method is used where especially fine powders are
required, as antibiotics, sulphonamides and vitamins


Energy consuming

High head space

Avoid coarse materials into the chamber.

The fed device may be clogged with the clump materials
Special feeding devices should be provided for the feeding of the materials

Use of compressed air results in generation of static

Material recovered in the collection bags is difficult or
impossible to remove by the normal blow back procedures

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